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Equine Colic Types
Gas colics and Displacements
The microbes in the colon produce gas and create a balloon-like response. Since the colon is not adhered to the body, it is free to float up and down. Sometimes it floats out of position. Many simple displacements will self correct.
If the colon displaces to the right, it may not get stuck. Some of these will fix themselves and others will need surgery. Trocarization may help if the colon has a ping and if surgery isn’t an option as there is a risk of peritonitis.
Deep chested breeds
Mild to severe colic, depending upon the amount of distension; slowly progressive
Good response to analgesics
Rectal palpation – gas distended colon which lies horizontally in front of the pelvic canal with a tight horizontal band. Unable to palpate the pelvic flexure.
Right flank distension
Differentials – gas colic, impactions, other displacements
Secondary impaction and gas buildup
Secondary colon torsion
Treat as for gas colic – withhold feed 48-72 hours; may self correct if not stuck