8.1 Chapter Objectives
In the following discussion of sex and gender, our goals are for you to realize that sex and gender are related, but distinct; and to understand that sex and gender are manifest in many ways, in an array of living organisms. By the end of your reading and our in-class discussion, you will be able to:
- Define the following terms:
- Describe differences between sex and gender.
- Cite examples of the non-binary nature of gender in humans and non-human animals.
- List factors that determine sex in a variety of organisms.
- Describe the development of sex organs in humans.
- Explain some evolutionary pros and cons of hermaphroditism and why it exists in some plants and animals.