This book is designed to accompany the lectures and discussions on GI Physiology at the UMN CVM. Suggestions always welcome. Please send ideas, concerns, edits to Dr. Malone using this link

You can also use the app to annotate (improve, suggest, ask questions etc). You can access this book via this link 

GI glossary – for questions or additions

GI questions– for your questions or answers


Finding additional resources

For starter explanations, try these:

  • Wikipedia useful for physiology, unknown terms and other more general knowledge questions
  • Vetfolio – has been free for students; great summaries of topics and conditions
  • Merck Veterinary Manual online- good for pathogenesis and presentation; not as good for therapies
  • Vet Clinics of North America  Equine, Food Animal, and Exotics– see the search function at the top left. Does require a subscription. Available through many University libraries. Peer-reviewed summaries of topics.
  • VIN – abstracts are posted in related feeds. Free for students and contains a variety of other resources (3D anatomy, drug calculators, financial aid info). The help from the boards is variable; sometimes excellent, sometimes dangerous.
  • Specialty sites with info for animal owners (many are free for students):,,,,,, sites with .gov or .edu
  • Plumb’s Veterinary Drug Handbook and app (lots of versions out there in different formats and prices)
  • SCOVE Edu+ – online source of online resources

For more detailed explanations or comparison of therapies, diagnostic tools etc:

  • Google scholar– look for the ones with a pdf. You can sort by year, type of article etc using the left hand bar
  • Veterinary medical library Pub Med and other databases; video how to for UMN system; or go visit the librarian in person
  • UMN library search– For articles and books. Great for specific articles you are trying to access or specific topics, particularly if not likely to be in pubmed.
  • Ivis – international veterinary information service – is a great place to find specific meeting proceedings
  • Extreme googling
  • Surgery textbooks- great for how to perform surgery and the perioperative care required
  • Revisit sites above

Unless it is fiction or for fun, don’t read every word.

  • Textbooks – read the chapter summary and/or skim the headings; then read the applicable sections.
  • Journal articles – start with the abstract and/or introduction, follow with the last paragraph, finish with any middle bits that are useful
  • Online materials – start with Ctrl-F if you have a specific question; otherwise go with the section headings and introductory sections as above.





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Vet Med: Applied GI Physiology- Supplemental Notes Copyright © by Erin Malone DVM PhD is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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