Chapter 5: Technology Use and Impacts in Children, Youth and Young Adults

5.5 Additional Resources & Readings

Child Development

Virtual Labs:

Technology Influences on Child Development

Influences across age groups

Reports from Professional Associations

Zero to Three:

National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)

Commonsense Media

The Common Sense Census: Media use by kids age zero to eight, 2020. Common Sense Media. (2020, November 17). Retrieved July 31, 2022, from

Digital Futures Commission

Livingstone, S. & Pothong, K. (2021). Playful by Design: A Vision of Free Play in a Digital World. Digital Futures Commission (London: 5Rights Foundation).

Erikson Technology and Early Childhood

Herdzina , J., & Lauricella, A. R. (2020). Framework, Child Development Guidelines, and Tips for Implementation. Media Literacy in Early Childhood Report. Retrieved July 31, 2022, from

Virtual Lab

Family Child Care: Safe Environments: Technology and Internet Safety. Virtual Lab School. (n.d.). Retrieved July 31, 2022, from


James M. Ernest, Cora Causey, Allison B. Newton, Kimberly Sharkins, Jennifer Summerlin & Najla Albaiz (2014) Extending the Global Dialogue About Media, Technology, Screen Time, and Young Children, Childhood Education, 90:3, 182-191,


New York Academy of Sciences (2020): The Effects of Screen Time on the Developing Brain .

Middle Childhood and Adolescence

Schools/Learning and Technology

Emerging Adulthood

Millennials and GenZ:

Special Topics

Privacy & Safety



General Recommendations for Parents and Practitioners


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Critical Perspectives on Technology and the Family Copyright © 2022 by Susan K. Walker is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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