4: Regenerating Woodland Stands

Additional Resources: Regenerating Woodland Stands

Online Resources

Silviculture concepts

  • Web-based Forest Management Guides-Silvicultural Treatments (USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station). This website provides a short description of silvicultural treatments to change, accelerate change, or maintain the condition of trees and stands in the North Central United States. Topics include: choice of species and site, site preparation, planting, spacing, weeding and cleaning, thinning, pruning, fertilization, and logging slash distribution.
  • Web-based Forest Management Guides-Harvesting Systems (USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station). This website describes timber harvesting equipment and procedures for the tasks of moving to the tree, felling the tree, processing it at the stump, and transporting the tree to the landing. Photographs of equipment are included.
  • Video: Silviculture terminology (University of Minnesota, Sustainable Forests Education Cooperative). This video provides an overview of key terms and concepts used in silviculture.
  • Ecological Forestry: Integrating Disturbance Ecology Patterns Into Forest Treatments. (US Fish and Wildlife Service). This article written in 2013 by R. Gregory Corace and P. Charles Goebel discusses an example of how the principles of ecological forestry were implemented in creating habitat for Kirtland’s warbler and restoring mixed pine forests in Michigan.
  • Silvics of North America: Volume 1 Conifers; Volume 2 Hardwoods (Ag Handbook 654). 1990. Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, tech. cords. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 p. This book has a chapter on every significant native tree species in North America, including its native range, climate, soil and topography, associated species, reproduction and early growth, stand management, growth and yield, rooting habitat, reaction to competition, damaging agents, special uses, and genetics.

Forest Management Guidelines

Planting Trees

  • Direct Seeding of Native Hardwood Trees (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources). This website describes the advantages and disadvantages of direct seeding, site preparation, seed collection and storage, seeding rates per acre by tree species, seeding techniques, and weed and shrub control.
  • Tree Planting (Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources). This web page describes care and handling of bareroot seedlings, hand planting, machine planting, direct seeding, tree shelters, mulches and vegetation mats, root dips and gels, animal repellents, and bud caps.
  • Ordering Tree and Shrub Seedlings (Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources). Provides instructions for ordering tree and shrub seedlings from the Wisconsin DNR.
  • Tree and Shrub Planting in Michigan (Michigan Department of Natural Resources). This website¬†describes which tree species are suitable for different soil types, mixed species plantings, planting season, tree spacing, site preparation, types and quality of planting stock, transporting and storage, hand and machine planting techniques, follow-up care, and special considerations for wildlife habitat, Christmas trees, and aesthetics.
  • Minnesota State Forest Nurseries (Minnesota Department of Natural Resources). This website provides instructions for ordering tree and shrub seedlings from the Minnesota DNR.
  • Directory of Michigan Seedling Nurseries (Michigan Department of Natural Resources). This is a directory of private nurseries in Michigan that sell tree and shrub seedlings.

Finding Professional Help

  • Professional Forestry Assistance (Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources). This website offers a directory of foresters available to assist Wisconsin woodland owners.
  • Michigan Forestry Assistance Program (Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development). This website offers a directory of forestry assistance available to Michigan woodland owners from the Michigan DNR, conservation districts, forest industry, loggers, consulting foresters, and nurseries.
  • Approved Minnesota Stewardship Plan Preparers (University of Minnesota). This website provides an interactive map to locate approved forest stewardship plan writers in Minnesota.

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Woodland Stewardship: A Practical Guide for Midwestern Landowners, 3rd Edition Copyright © 2019 by University of Minnesota Extension is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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