Chapter 3: Constitutional Protections

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Those who wrote our constitutions knew from history and experience that it was necessary to protect against unfounded criminal charges brought to eliminate enemies and against judges too responsive to the voice of higher authority.

   —Duncan v. Louisiana, cited in Section 3.2 “The Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses”

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Criminal Law by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.