7.4 Chapter Exercises

Speaking Ethically

Jonathan sat staring at his computer screen. The previous two days had been the most disastrous weekend of his entire life. First, his girlfriend broke up with him on Friday and informed him that she was dating his best friend behind his back. Then he got a phone call from his mother informing him that his childhood dog had been hit by a car. And if that wasn’t enough, his car died on the way to work, and since it was his third unexcused absence from work, he was fired.

In the midst of all these crises, Jonathan was supposed to be preparing his persuasive speech for his public speaking class. Admittedly, Jonathan had had the two weeks prior to work on the speech, but he had not gotten around to it and thought he could pull it together over the weekend. Now at 1:00 a.m. on Monday morning, he finally got a chance to sit down at his computer to prepare the speech he was giving in nine and a half hours.

His topic was prison reform. He searched through a number of websites and finally found one that seemed really relevant. As he read through the first paragraph, he thought to himself, this is exactly what I want to say. After two paragraphs the information just stopped, and the website asked him to pay $29.95 for the rest of the speech. Without even realizing it, Jonathan had found a speech mill website. Jonathan found himself reaching for his wallet thinking, well it says what I want it to say, so why not?

  1. If you were a student in Jonathan’s class and he confided in you that he had used a speech mill for his speech, how would you react?
  2. If you were Jonathan, what ethical choices could you have made?
  3. Is it ever ethical to use a speech written by a speech mill?

End-of-Chapter Assessment

  1. Which of the following is not a recommendation for using research librarians provided by the members of the American Library Association?
    1. Be willing to do your own work.
    2. Academic librarians are willing to schedule in-depth research consultations with students.
    3. You don’t need to bring a copy of the assignment when meeting with a librarian.
    4. Good research takes time.
    5. Students need to learn that many questions do not have ready-made or one-stop answers.
  2. Samantha has handed out a survey to her peers on their perceptions of birth control. During her speech, Samantha explains the results from her survey. What type of research has Samantha utilized in her speech?
    1. primary
    2. secondary
    3. recency
    4. qualitative
    5. critical
  3. Michael is giving a speech on dogs and picks up a copy of Pet Fancy magazine at his local bookstore. What type of source has Michael selected?
    1. general-interest periodical
    2. special-interest periodical
    3. Academic journal
    4. nonacademic literature supplement
    5. gender-based interest periodical
  4. Jose is having problems finding sources related to his topic. He found one academic journal article that was really useful. He decides to read the references listed on the reference page of the article. He finds a couple that sound really promising so he goes to the library and finds those articles. What process has Jose engaged in?
    1. primary literature search
    2. secondary literature search
    3. backtracking
    4. source evaluation
    5. reference extending
  5. What are the components or features of a literary composition or oral presentation that have to do with the form of expression rather than the content expressed (e.g., language, punctuation, parenthetical citations, and endnotes)?
    1. citation functions
    2. referencing functions
    3. grammatical parameters
    4. communicative techniques
    5. style

Answer Key

  1. c
  2. a
  3. b
  4. c
  5. e

This is a derivative of Stand up, Speak out: The Practice and Ethics of Public Speaking by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution, which was originally released and is used under CC BY-NC-SA. This work, unless otherwise expressly stated, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.